Hi everyone ! In this article i will discuss with you all about ” How Iceland is regrowing giant forests to restore land ?”. So let’s get started.
In earlier times Iceland was covered with a huge amount of forest area but in the last century the forest area in Iceland was less than 1%.
So why this happened ? Let’s check it out !
# History of Iceland in terms of Forest Cover Area
Vikings came in the past and got settled in Iceland. At that time about a quarter of Iceland’s total land was under forest cover.
As their population started to grow they needed more and more : –
- They also needed land for grazing livestock.
Therefore they started deforestation and it spread rapidly across the country which led to serious environmental degradation across the country.
Deforestation caused rapid soil erosion and degraded land.
# Recent Data
- Within a century Iceland have lost 97% of the trees.
- In mid 1950’s they were left with only less than 1% of forest cover.
- Deforestation led to soil erosion and degraded land.
# Steps Taken By Iceland’s Government To Protect The Forests
The steps taken by Iceland’s government to protect the forests are as follows : –
- Since 1950 the government is again planting more and more trees.
- Within the last 3 years they have planted 3-4 million trees.
- The government is expecting to again regenerate the land with a total forest cover of 12% by 2100.
- Due to their cold, harsh and rocky climate the plant growth rate is very slow but due to recent global warming the growth rate is increasing due to rise in temperature.
- Reforestation is crucial to fight with Climate Change.
Now you know that ” How Iceland is regrowing giant forests to restore land ? “. It is requested to you all that please promote afforestation as much as you can and plant trees whenever possible. This is because trees are the fundamental sources of life on Earth and they provide us everything we need like food, shelter etc.
” MAINTAINING ENVIRONMENT AND ITS BEAUTY IS A PLEASURE AND THE BIGGEST GIFT TO GOD FROM YOUR SIDE.” – By Shivam Roy